The phonetics of German are relatively easy for more Hindi speakers except for a few sounds that are more nuanced.
aon its own is pronounced /ə/ (
अ) while after a consonant it has the impact of /æ/ (
ä(a-umlaut) is pronounced (
chhas multiple variations
tschis pronounced /tʃ/ (
schis pronounced /ʃ/ (
chif preceded by
ösound is pronounced /ç/. This sound is non-existent in Hindi. One can approximate it to /h/ (
ह). A more accurate pronunciation would be to say
हwhile touching the back of one’s tongue to the upper palette (ceiling of the mouth).
- In all other cases, it is pronounced /x/ (
dat the end of a word is pronounced
तwhile everywhere else it is like /d/ (
ओ ॅ ए. This is a diphthong. This sound is not native to Hindi. It is halfway between
eiis pronounced (
आइ), This is a diphthong.
e, if it is the first vowel sound, is pronounced
ई. If it is somewhere in the middle, it is
ॅ. And if it is at the end, it is
ieis pronounced /i/ (
his like English
ह) except after vowels, it acts as a sound extender like the Sanskrit avagraha
jis pronounced like English
gat the end of a word is pronounced as
क. Everywhere else, it is the same as English
ngis pronounced like English
r, just like English, if preceded by a vowel extends the previous sound (
ऽ). Otherwise, it sounds like English retroflex
swhen followed by a vowel is pronounced
swhen followed by consonants is pronounced
sat the end is pronounced
त– like Spanish.
ऑ. Think of the first sound in
मॉडल. This sound is not native to Hindi either and it is halfway between
öis pronounced like
bird. This sound is non-existent in pure Hindi. And the
ॅis used to donate it these days.
uis pronounced /u/ (
üis pronounced /Y/
ऊwith the sound pronounced more in the throat
vis pronounced like English f, that is, /f/ (
फ़). And that’s why Volkswagen is pronounced फ़ोल्क्सवागन. While such consonant clusters might be rare in English, they are common in German. German has
fas well, and that’s pronounced like English
ftoo! Now, for the English loan words, v is pronounced as /v/.
wis pronounced like English /v/, (
yis pronounced like English
yif it is at the beginning or the end. In the middle, it is pronounced
zis pronounced /ts/ (
ßis pronounced as a long s sound –
सऽ. This is the only non-Latin alphabet in German.